Access Medical


Access Medical


Access Medical


World Heart Day 2021 – Therapies and Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. COVID-19 has intensified the need to keep patients out of the hospital whenever feasible. Improving the outcomes of heart attack and heart failures during and post-operation, Miracor’s PiCSO Therapy, Shockwave’s IVL and Impulse Dynamics’s CCM Therapy are just some therapies that are beneficial to reduce the occurrence of postoperative difficulties and improve the nature of patients life. world heart day, grow a better understanding of medical treatment of cardiovascular disease- because your heart matters.

Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease

What are the heart disease symptoms?

Most times, there are no underlying symptoms of cardiovascular disease, and a heart attack or stroke might be the first sign. The symptoms are based on the disease type and factors of age, and condition of the patients. Some of the indications that manifest are:

  • Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort
  • Pain, weakness or numbness in your legs and/or arms
  • Pain or discomfort in the arms, neck, shoulder, jaw and back
  • Shortness of breath
  • Easily tiring during exercise or activity
  • Changes in your heart rhythm
  • Very fast or slow heartbeat, palpitations or fluttering in your chest
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Swelling of the hands, legs, ankles or feet
  • Fever
  • Skin rashes or unusual spots
  • Dry or persistent cough

If you display any amount of these symptoms in combinations, it’s best to seek doctor’s advice for further steps.

Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease

What are the types of Cardiovascular Disease?

Cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease, are easier to treat when detected early. Contrary to normal belief, there are various types under the umbrella of Cardiovascular diseases. They are as follows:

  1. coronary heart disease (heart attacks)
  2. cerebrovascular disease
  3. raised blood pressure (hypertension)
  4. peripheral artery disease
  5. rheumatic heart disease
  6. congenital heart disease
  7. heart failure.


What is the Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease ?


Therapies and Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease

    • Stage 1: Early Stage Cardiovascular Disease

      Treatments for cardiovascular disease can differ depending on the condition, but can include:
      For early detection and low progression into the disease: Lifestyle changes are enough to make large improvements such as Cardiac Diet, Exercise, Restriction on Alcohol and Tobacco use. These also show great progress with later severe cases -in cooperation with doctor’s treatment.

Therapies and Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease

    • Stage 2: Mid Stage Heart Disease

      Along with lifestyle changes- Medication, including ones that treat risk factors like blood pressure, or to dissolve blood clots can hasten recovery and path to a healthy life. These are also utilised to support the patients in all stages and conditions.

Therapies and Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease

  • Stage 3: Severe Stage Heart Disease

    Those with a more severe progression of heart disease. Medical Devices such as pacemakers or implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are predominantly used to maintain basic functions of the heart. Medical procedures including cardiovascular procedures such as
    Structural Heart, Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Oncology, Peripheral Vascular
    Electrophysiology, CRM and Cardiovascular Surgery which also includes stents, heart valve surgery or coronary bypass surgery. Shockwave’s IVL with its unique mechanism of action cracks both medial and intimal calcium while minimizing trauma to the vessel wall. These are especially beneficial during stent placement, they also give a better prognosis for patients with cardiovascular calcium.

    Certain Medical Therapies also are utilized for heart attacks and failures with Miracor’s PiCSO Therapy and Impulse Dynamics’s CCM Therapy respectively. PiCSO therapy
    Intends to reduce infarct size by intermittent coronary sinus occlusion during PCI. While aiming to redistribute blood flow to damaged areas in patients with Acute MI after heart attacks. Impulse Dynamic’s CCM Therapy supports a device called Optimizer® Smart. The Optimizer® Smart system delivers Cardiac Contractility Modulation therapy which is a new therapeutic approach that improves quality of life for patients that are no longer adequately responding to medications intended to manage symptoms or slow the progression of heart failure.

    In case of progression of heart failure- cardiac rhythm management devices may be used to resynchronize the heart or to reverse potentially fatal disturbances known as arrhythmic events.

  • Stage 4: Advanced Stage Heart Disease

    Doctors recommend surgery to treat the disease in some cases. Heart Transplant & Ventricular Assist Devices are included in this category. These therapies are often a last option for patients with the most severe forms of heart failure.

Therapies and Medical Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease


What is the method of Cardiovascular Disease Diagnosis?

Diagnosis of cardiovascular disease depends on the symptoms and the type of condition. Combined with medical and family history, risk factors, and a physical examination- an estimate is made, further supported results by tests and procedures.

Cardiovascular diseases are diagnosed using a range of laboratory tests and imaging studies. Some of the common tests used to diagnose cardiovascular diseases include:

  1. Blood test
  2. Stress test
  3. Chest x-ray
  4. Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG)
  5. Echocardiogram (Echo)
  6. Computerized tomography (CT) scan
  7. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  8. Electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT)
  9. Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography